Hansen said his brother died in a car accident in 2002 and was not wearing his seat belt, but he made the conscious decision to do so because he didn`t want the government to tell him what to do. Thirty-four states and the District of Columbia have a primary application. Primary enforcement laws allow a police officer to stop and quote a motorist simply because he or she is not using a seat belt. In states where enforcement is secondary, the police can only enforce the law if the motorist has first been arrested for another offense. In a study of potentially fatal accidents involving rear seat occupants 5 years of age and older, lap belts reduced the risk of fatal injuries to outboard occupants by 32% in cars and 63% in vans and SUVs (Morgan, 1999). Although lap belts were not as effective as lap belts and shoulder belts, especially in the event of a frontal fall, the use of lap belts offered more protection than lap belts. Numerous studies show that published enforcement campaigns such as “Click It or Ticket” are necessary to maintain a high level of compliance over time (Williams et al., 2000). In 1993, North Carolina launched the first national “Click It or Ticket” campaign. Research conducted by the institute found that driver`s seat belt use increased from 64% before the campaign to 80% after the first three-week enforcement period (Williams et al., 1996). In 15 of the 50 states, seat belt law is considered a secondary offense, meaning a police officer can`t stop a driver and issue a ticket for the seat belt failure offense alone. (One exception is Colorado, where children who are not properly detained are a predicate offense and are subject to a much higher fine.) If a driver commits a predicate offence (p.B. for speeding), he or she may also be charged with not wearing a seat belt. In most states, seat belt law was originally a secondary offence; In many, it was later changed to a primary offense: California was the first state to make this change, in 1993.
Of the 30 states with primary seat belt laws, all except California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon and Washington originally had only secondary law enforcement laws. Seat belts saved an estimated 14,955 lives in 2017. For the driver and front passenger, the use of a lap belt and shoulder belt reduces the risk of fatal injuries in an SUV, van or pickup truck and in a car by 60%. Research also shows that seat belt use is lower among occupants of older vehicles and among drivers who have drunk alcohol (Mackay, 1997; Partyka, 1989). In order for seat belts to do their job, it is important that they adjust properly. That`s why it`s so important for kids who have exceeded the size of their forward-facing child restraint systems to use belt positioning boosters. Most rear seat belts do not have collision tensioners and force limiters. Some manufacturers have equipped the rear seats with inflatable belts. These straps aim to reduce head, neck and chest injuries by deploying on the upper body and shoulders of the occupant during an impact, so that the impact forces are distributed over an area of the body 5 times larger than traditional seat belts. When the vehicle`s sensors detect a serious collision, the seat belt airbag fills with cold compressed gas and expands sideways on the occupant`s body. The inflatable belt works like a conventional seat belt for everyday use. Choudhury said that, unlike most states, Florida requires police to collect data on the race and ethnicity of people arrested for seat belt violations, but no one had analyzed that data until his group did.
If everyone had tied up, an additional 2,549 deaths could have been prevented. While the vast majority of drivers and passengers use seat belts, nearly half of those who die in accidents are not fastened. Recent research (Masten, 2007) has strongly suggested that the shift from secondary to primary enforcement of seat belt laws increases occupants` seat belt use during the night, as well as the daylight hours when most observational investigations are conducted into seat belt use. (UNC Centre for Road Safety Research, 2011, pp. 2-13) This list contains only seat belt laws, which often do not apply to children themselves. Nevertheless, the 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the 5 inhabited U.S. territories have separate child restraint laws. [Note 1] Note that these fines are only the basic fines. In many cases, significant additional fees, such as the head injury fund and forensic security fees, can often increase the total fine imposed by five. These also apply to a “first offence”, and the fines for subsequent infringements are often much higher. [Citation needed] [Hedlund, Gilbert et al., 2008] examined the impact of changes to primary law on seat belt use and inmate deaths in Michigan, New Jersey, Washington, Delaware, Illinois and Tennessee.
In FARS data for all 6 states, strong evidence was found that primary seat belt laws increase seat belt use. In addition, statistically significant decreases in the number of passenger car occupant deaths in front seats were noted in Michigan and Washington, D.C., and the decline in New Jersey was marginally significant. The lack of a significant impact on deaths in Illinois and Tennessee, as well as a slight increase in Delaware, were attributed in part to the short time since the implementation of primary regulations in these states, as well as the low number of deaths in Delaware. .